"This coffee comes from the very first harvest of the newly established Tuma Tesso Cooperative. Located near the town of Agaro, in the Jimma Zone, it is overseen by the Kata Muduga Cooperative Union, umbrella organization for multiple coops that produce the best coffees of the Oromia province.
In Ethiopia, we can differentiate two main classes of coffee varieties: the Jimma Agricultural Research Center (JARC) varieties and the local landraces.
Officially established in 1967, JARC is a national research institute focused mainly on the improvement of coffee varieties. Since the 70’s, breeders have developed 40 improved varieties from coffee plants selected in Ethiopian forests for their interesting genetic particularities. They have been created to solve specific problems and put into different groups, such as the Coffee Berry Disease-Resistant Group, the Leaf Rust-Resistant Group and the hybrid coffee varieties, developed for drought tolerance and high yield. The JARC varieties are now found in every Ethiopian coffee region.
Before the 70’s, local landraces were widely grown in Ethiopia. Coming from wild forests, they were selected by farmers and surrounding coffee communities and replanted. Over time, they have adapted to agricultural practices and agroecological conditions. They are still grown on well-known farms throughout the country. Although local communities have their own vocabulary for those varieties, the generic term “Heirloom” is often used by many actors of the industry in reference to local landraces, still not much documented.
This coffee from the new and promising Tuma Tesso Coop is sourced by our partner Red Fox Coffee Merchants, having established sustainable relationships with many coops in the Jimma Zone, among other Ethiopian regions."
- Zab Roasters